Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions.
|Published (Last):||19 September 2011|
|PDF File Size:||19.86 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.27 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
May RSS Feed. The house, which was occupied by Hamka and his grandmother during his childhood in, was renovated in and named. The museum now holds most of his books, publications, and related goods. Hamka was born on 17 February in Agam, the eldest child of seven. Raised in a family of devout his father was, a clerical reformer of Islam in Minangkabau, also known as Haji Rasul. His mother, Sitti Shafiyah, came from a lineage of Minangkabau artists.
His paternal grandfather, was a member of the yah. Prior to his formal education, Hamka lived with his grandmother in a house south of. When he was six years old, he moved with his father to. Following common tradition in Minang, he studied the Quran, and slept in a mosque near his family home Minang boys were not traditionally assigned a bedroom in the family home.
As well, he studied the. He listened to kaba, stories which were sung along with traditional Minangkabau music; inspiring him to the craft of storytelling. Later in life, Hamka would draw from Minang culture in his novels. Two years later, he would take on an additional academic load, starting at the Diniyah School. Hamka was dissatisfied with this state of affairs, and often studied on his own. He would frequent a library ran by one of his teachers, Afiq Aimon Zainuddin.
In an attempt to prove he could make it on his own, and influenced by the books he'd read about, Hamka set his sights on moving to. At the same time, he no longer held any interest in completing his education at the Thawalib. After four years of study, he left without a diploma. In , Hamka moved to to study under Aiman Ibrahim Wong. This did not last long, as he left for Java soon afterwards.
Moving to Java Hamka had traveled to many places in Minangkabau since he was a teenager. Rangkaian kisah tentang buya hamka di mata anak kandungnya yang kelima , Irfan Hamka. Mulai dari masa kecil, remaja, dewasa, berkeluarga, berdakwah hingga meninggal.
Buku ini dibagi menjadi sepuluh bab. Bab pertama menceritakan nasihat buya hamka. Bab kedua menceritakan buya hamka. His parents divorced when he was 15, which had a great impact on him. He decided to go to Java after he learnt that the Islam taught in Java was more advanced than that in the highlands, especially in terms of movement and organisation.
However, he contracted when on his way in, so he decided to return to Padang Panjang after being bedridden for about two months. Even so, his desire to move to Java never went away, and he departed for Java in , a year after recovering from the disease. Arriving in Java, Hamka went to and settled in the house of his father's younger brother, Amrullah Ja'far. Through his uncle, he had the opportunity to participate in the discussions and trainings organized by the Islamic movements.
In addition to studying with the Islamic movements, he also expanded his views in the disruption of Islam's progress by and communism. While in Java, he was active in various social and religious organizations. He also studied under many experts such as,. Before returning to Minangkabau, he visited and met with leaders such as and, which gave him the opportunity to write in the magazine Pembela Islam 'Defenders of Islam'.
Subsequently, in , he went to, to meet, who was the chairman of the Muhammadiyah's Pekalongan branch at the time, and learnt more about Islam from him. While in Pekalongan, he stayed at his brother's house and started giving religious talks in some places. In his first wandering in Java, he claimed to have a new spirit in studying Islam. He also saw no difference between Islamic reformation missions in both the Minangkabau and Javan regions: the reformation in Minangkabau aimed at purifying Islam off regressive practices of imitation and, while the Javan movement was more focused to the efforts of combating backwardness, ignorance and poverty.
Performing the Hajj. Atmosphere implementation in Mosque,. Hamka's trip to Mecca in inspired him to write. After a year in Java, Hamka went back to Padang Panjang in July where he wrote his first magazine titled Chatibul Ummah, which contained a collection of speeches that he listened on Surau Jembatan Besi , and Tabligh Muhammadiyah. Between the business of his activity in the field of through writing, he made speeches in several places in Padang Panjang.
But at that moment, everything is precisely sharply criticised by his father, 'Speeches alone are useless, fill yourself with knowledge, then those speeches would be meaningful and useful.
He was often derided as an 'uncertified Islam orator', even he had received criticism from some scholars because he did not master language well. Criticism he received in his native land motivated him to be more mature. In February , he made the decision to go to to expand his religious knowledge, including learning the Arabic language and performing his first pilgrimage. He left without saying goodbye to his father and went on his own dime. While in Mecca, he became correspondent of the daily 'Andalas Light' Pelita Andalas and also worked at a printing company owned by Mr.
Hamid, son of Majid Kurdish, 's father-in-law. His mastery of the foreign language he learned enabled him to read classic Islamic, books, and Islam newsletters. Towards the pilgrimage, Hamka and several other pilgrims candidate founded the East Indian Association Persatuan Hindia Timur , an organisation giving lessons to Dutch Indies pilgrims-to-be. He lived where?? For some time after the pilgrimage, where he met and had expressed his desire to settle in Mecca, but Agus Salim instead advised him to go home reasoning: 'You can do a lot more work with your study and movements that you are fighting for.
Therefore, it would be better to develop yourself in your own homeland', Agus Salim said. Hamka soon returned to his homeland after seven months of living in Mecca. However, instead of going home to Padang Panjang, Hamka instead settled in the city of, where his returning ship had anchored. Career in Medan While in Medan, he wrote many articles for various magazines and had become a religion teacher for several months in.
He sent his writings to the newspaper Pembela Islam in and Voice of Muhammadiyah, which was led by, in. In addition, he also worked as a correspondent for the daily paper Pelita Andalas and wrote trip reports, especially about his journey to Mecca in In , he wrote the first story in titled Sabariyah.
In the same year, he was appointed as editor of the 'Era Progress' Kemajuan Zaman magazine, which was based on the results of the Muhammadiyah conference in Padang Panjang. However, some of his writings were confiscated because they were considered as seditious by the. On 28 June , measuring 7. This worried his father, who asked to pick him up and persuade him to go home. Sutan's plea finally convinced Malik to return to his hometown in, which at the time was in ruins due to the, including his father's home in Padang Panjang Lantah.
Arriving at his hometown, he finally met his father and was overcome with emotions. His father was shocked to learn that he journeyed to Hajj on his own and paid with his own money, saying 'Why don't you let me know about this noble and sacred mean?
I was poor and on hard times at the time' His realization for his father's honest concern of him changed his view of his father. After about a year settling in, Abdul Malik left his hometown again to go to Medan in During his time in Medan, he worked as an editor and became editor-in-chief of a magazine, which he founded with an Islamic cleric. Through Pedoman Masyarakat, he used the penname 'Hamka' for the first time. While in Medan, he wrote, which was inspired by his trip to Mecca in After the novel was published in , he wrote, which was written as a serialised story in Pedoman Masyarakat.
The parent magazine for Pedoman was shut down in during the. During the Japanese occupation, Hamka was appointed as a religious adviser to the Japanese. He was also a member of a makeshift assembly that handled government and Islamic matters in He accepted this position, believing the Japanese's promise to grant independence to Indonesia.
But after occupying this position, he was regarded as an accomplice to the invaders by his friends. He was subjected to endless criticism as the Japanese were defeated and surrendered to the Allies, which drove him back to the Minangkabau after the broke out in , in the meantime also fighting to repel the invaders by joining Indonesian guerrillas to fight against the return of the Dutch in the jungles in Medan.
Career and later life After his marriage to Siti Rahim, Hamka Muhammadiyah branch was active was the management of Minangkabau, whose origin stemmed from the association Joints bakalnya Safe founded by his father in in. In addition, he became the head of Tablighi School, a religious school founded Muhammadiyah on 1 January Since attending the congress of Muhammadiyah in in , Hamka never missed attending congresses next Muhammadiyah.
Upon his return from Solo, he began to assume various positions, until finally he was appointed as Chairman of Muhammadiyah branch of Padang Panjang. After the 19th Muhammadiyah Congress in in , followed by the next congress in, he meets an invitation to set up a branch of Muhammadiyah in. Subsequently, in , he was sent by Muhammadiyah to to prepare and move the spirit of the people to welcome the Muhammadiyah Congress to in Makassar.
While in Makassar, he had published Al-Mahdi, a monthly Islamic science magazine. In , a year after attending a congress of Muhammadiyah in, he was made a permanent member of the Council of Muhammadiyah Council for the region. Muhammadiyah increasingly uphill career when he moved to Medan.
Mohammad Said. But in December , he decided to return to the Minangkabau and the release position. The following year, he was elected Chairman of the Assembly of West Sumatra Muhammadiyah leaders replace. This position he embraces until In , he was elected as the leader of the centr Muhammadyiah Muhammadiyah Congress to at. Since then, he has always chosen the Muhammadiyah Congress further, until in he pleaded not elected because he was senile.
Inilah riwayat hidup Dr. Abdul Karim Amrullah, perjuangan dan pengorbanannya menegakkan syiar Islam di Sumatera. Beliau meninggalkan 10 orang anak, tujuh lelaki dan tiga perempuan. Beliau diberi gelaran Buya, panggilan masyarakat Minangkabau yang bermaksud ayah atau seseorang yang dihormati. Buya Hamka terkenal sebagai seorang sasterawan, pendakwah, ulama, dan aktivis politik.
Location & Availability for: Kisah-kisah abadi bersama ayahku Hamka
Temasek Secondary School