Eating disorders are illnesses that manifest themselves in extreme unhealthy eating patterns. They are mental conditions that affect eating habits but are not necessarily tied to a specific body type; someone with an eating disorder can appear very thin, healthy weighted or above healthy weight. Although symptoms of these disorders emerge primarily in young women, eating disorders can affect anyone from any gender, age, ethnicity and income level. There are a few main types of eating disorders, highlighted below. An individual with an eating disorder can suffer from more than one of the following types of disorders. The following describes the symptoms and not the causes of eating disorders.
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Eating disorders are illnesses that manifest themselves in extreme unhealthy eating patterns. They are mental conditions that affect eating habits but are not necessarily tied to a specific body type; someone with an eating disorder can appear very thin, healthy weighted or above healthy weight.
Although symptoms of these disorders emerge primarily in young women, eating disorders can affect anyone from any gender, age, ethnicity and income level. There are a few main types of eating disorders, highlighted below. An individual with an eating disorder can suffer from more than one of the following types of disorders. The following describes the symptoms and not the causes of eating disorders.
This is reflected in an unhealthy preoccupation with food and exercise, and sometimes purging through self-induced vomiting and laxative abuse. Bulimia Nervosa is often associated with binge-eating disorder as a bulimic is often engaged in a cycle of binging and purging.
Bingeing is characterized by the consumption of a large amount of food in comparison to what the individual normally consumes in a short period of time and is frequently emotionally-induced. Purging arises from the guilt of overeating and involves self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse, excessive exercising and extreme fasting.
Binge-eating Disorder involves binging excessively with periods of uncontrolled, impulsive and continuous eating to the point of being uncomfortably full, with no compensatory behaviour purging after. Bingeing is usually triggered by an emotional event that causes the individual to turn to food as a means of comfort, the aftermath of which often results in guilt and self-loathing. They reject any food that is perceived as unhealthy such as food with oil, butter, carbohydrates etc.
Sometimes orthorexics eliminate such a large number of foods from their diet that they become emaciated, which results in anorexia orthorexia. However, anorexia and orthorexia are different illnesses that arise from different intentions with anorexics usually seeking to lose weight whereas orthorexics typically seek to attain pure, clean and healthy bodies.
As with any other mental illness, eating disorders are complex, multi-layered disorders that arise from various psychological, mental and emotional issues that vary from individual to individual.
However there are a few broad issues that have been observed to lead to eating disorders. Unhealthy perceptions about body image , as promoted by the media as well as peer and parental pressure.
Past traumatic experiences such as physical, emotional or sexual abuse. Various factors could result in the individual feeling a loss of control over their lives, resulting in the use of their bodies and eating habits as a means of reclaiming control. Currently, AWARE does not specialise in the treatment and advocacy of eating disorders although we do provide general counselling for women or girls in need of support.
Organisations and establishments that do focus or specialise in such disorders are listed below. These listings in no way constitute a recommendation of their services. The links are provided for information only, updated to our best knowledge.
Wonderfully written and designed. Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa : From Ministry of Health, tips on how to identify eating disorders and methods of treatment. Rock the Naked Truth Email: loveyourself rockthenakedtruth. As of yet, there has been no scientific proof of ways eating disorders can be prevented, however there are a few ways you can protect yourself from succumbing to an eating disorder.
Eating Disorders. Expand All Collapse All. Depression Unhealthy perceptions about body image , as promoted by the media as well as peer and parental pressure. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. They may have: Distorted perception of own weight, Extreme preoccupation with food, Emotional state tied to eating habits, Self-loathing behavior, Reduced concentration and thinking ability, Becoming very secretive about food, Moodiness, shakiness and irritability, Obsessive routines such as eating only certain foods at certain times , Social withdrawal and isolation and Avoidance of social situations that include food.
As an individual: Learn about healthy eating and an active lifestyle from the right sources. Surround yourself with positive influences and be a positive influence yourself! Friends who are confident in their body image will encourage you to feel the same and vice versa. Be active!
Involvement in meaningful activities leave lasting positive impacts on your outlook and mental health. Communicate with your friends and family. As a parent: Reassure and reaffirm your child constantly. A large percentage of insecurity in individuals arises from a lack of affirmation as a child. The simple act of encouraging them to feel confident in their bodies and selves could be enough to protect them against insecurity-based eating disorders in the future. Teach them about the benefits of healthy eating.
Emphasize the importance of living healthily by incorporating balanced meals into their diets, encouraging them to be active in school and outdoors, and teaching them about moderation. Be a positive influence yourself. Instead, teach by example by being confident in your own body.
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Overcoming Binge Eating
This program is based on vast clinical experience, numerous clinical trials, and a breadth of perspective that few possess. You can trust this book. It is a landmark. Fairburn has done.