Marine biology has always played an important role in biological research, being at the origin of many key advances. To a certain extent, the influence of marine biology on the biological sciences was overshadowed over a period of several years by the remarkable advances that were made using powerful model organisms from terrestrial environments. This situation is now changing again, however, due primarily to spectacular developments in genomic methodologies that have significantly accelerated research in a broad spectrum of marine biology disciplines ranging from biodiversity to developmental biology to biotechnology. The data generated by marine genomics projects have had an impact on questions as diverse as understanding planetary geochemical cycles, the impact of climate change on marine fauna and flora, the functioning of marine ecosystems, the discovery of new organisms and novel biomolecules, and investigation of the evolution of animal developmental complexity. This book represents the first attempt to document how genomic technologies are revolutionising these diverse domains of marine biology. Each chapter of this book looks at how these technologies are being employed in a specific domain of marine research and provides a summary of the major results obtained to date.
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Dynamic harmonies run like a current through textures of stand up bass, guitar, ukulele and world percussion. Ley Line is the musical merging of two duos. Since reuniting in Austin in , Ley Line has been weaving together their individual journeys into a collective vision to unite audiences around the world.
Their eclectic music explores balance and harmony between the unique perspectives of the four songwriters and instrumentalists. In the summer of , the women of Ley Line returned to Brazil to further explore the roots of their musical inspiration. Over the course of three months, they traveled over 3, miles playing shows and capturing video footage and inspiration for their upcoming album.
The visual album to be released in the spring of will incorporate original music and imagery inspired by the natural beauty, folklore and rich musical traditions of Brazil.
Spring of marked the beginning of a tremendous year for Ley Line. Ley Line. Add to Calendar. View Map View Map. Find out more about how your privacy is protected. Jul Actions and Detail Panel. Event description. Read more Read less. Share with friends.
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Introduction to Marine Genomics
Symbiotic interactions between pelagic hosts and microalgae have received little attention, although they are widespread in the photic layer of the world ocean, where they play a fundamental role in the ecology of the planktonic ecosystem. Polycystine radiolarians including the orders Spumellaria, Collodaria and Nassellaria are planktonic heterotrophic protists that are widely distributed and often abundant in the ocean. Many polycystines host symbiotic microalgae within their cytoplasm, mostly thought to be the dinoflagellate Scrippsiella nutricula, a species originally described by Karl Brandt in the late nineteenth century as Zooxanthella nutricula. The free-living stage of this dinoflagellate has never been characterized in terms of morphology and thecal plate tabulation. We examined morphological characters and sequenced conservative ribosomal markers of clonal cultures of the free-living stage of symbiotic dinoflagellates isolated from radiolarian hosts from the three polycystine orders.
Recent Advances in Lipase-Mediated Preparation of Pharmaceuticals and Their Intermediates
Biocatalysis offers an alternative approach to conventional chemical processes for the production of single-isomer chiral drugs. Lipases are one of the most used enzymes in the synthesis of enantiomerically pure intermediates. The use of this type of enzyme is mainly due to the characteristics of their regio-, chemo- and enantioselectivity in the resolution process of racemates, without the use of cofactors. Moreover, this class of enzymes has generally excellent stability in the presence of organic solvents, facilitating the solubility of the organic substrate to be modified. Further improvements and new applications have been achieved in the syntheses of biologically active compounds catalyzed by lipases. This review critically reports and discusses examples from recent literature to mid , concerning the synthesis of enantiomerically pure active pharmaceutical ingredients APIs and their intermediates in which the key step involves the action of a lipase. Among the applications of lipases, the synthesis of enantiomerically pure active pharmaceutical ingredients APIs and their intermediates using these enzymes is a subject of continuing interest.