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Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers. Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Uploaded by Patrick Freeman. Document Information click to expand document information Description: An optics textbook. Date uploaded May 07, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document.
Description: An optics textbook. Flag for Inappropriate Content. Download Now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Jump to Page. Search inside document. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. To obtain permission s to use material from this work. Where those designations appear in this, book, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in inital caps or all caps. In this, there are several goals, vis-a-vis the student: to impart an appreciation of the central role of atomic scattering in almost every aspect of Optics; to provide an understanding, as early as possible, of the insightful perspec- tive offered hy Konrier Theory: and ta make clear, trom the outset, the underlying quantum-mechanical nature of light.
As in previous editions, the complete solu- tions to problems without asterisks can be found at the back of the hook. It should be noted that the vast majority of the new problems are not provided with such sohutions.
To further enhance the pedagogy, this edition also contains many new drawings and photographs. Chapter 2. Wave Motion , which lays the mathematical groundwork for wave theory, has heen somewhat revised in order both to make the existing material clearer and to provide a broader foundation for what's to come.
For instance. Chapter 3 Electromagnetic Theory, Photons, and Light has been extensively reworked. Nowadays many students xpo- sure to electromagnetic theory afforded by the traditional introductory co 3.
In keeping with the commitment to discuss moder applications of Optics. The Propagation of Light Chapter 4 now contains a dis cussion of the historical origins of the concept of index of refraction p.
A new section, 4. The treatment of Geometrical Optics Chapter 5 was refined here and there e. The field of telecommunications is so important and so rapidly evolving that each edition of this book has had to treat several major technological advances. Liquid mirrors are jefly considered on page The chapter ends with a new section on Gravitational Lensing p. There is a new piece concerning the upgraded Arecibo Observatory p. The phasor representation way used o illuminate the creation of both standing waves p.
A few new photographs and severai fresh diagrams were inciuded. The section 8. A section on Liguist Crystals explained In addition to a few new photos and the occasional clarify- emark, Chapter 9 Interference now contains a section,.
Accordingly, Chapter 10 Diffraction contains a new section Chapters 11 Fourier Optics , and 12 Basics af Coherence Theory have undergone a line-by-line fine tuning, but little or no overhaul.
Chapter 13, Modern Optics: Lasers und Other Topics, has been revised with the addition of a subsection on Gaussian Laserbeams and some updating as required c. This fourth edition continues the agenda of unifying the discourse, as much as possible, within the framework of a few grand ideas. Among other benefits, this approach of presenting advanced concepts in simplified form early in the exposition allows the student to develop a cohesive perspective.
Over the years, I have received comments, articles, and photographs, from hundreds of colleagues, and most sincere- ly thank them all. I am especially grateful to Professors P. Dolan of Northeastem Illinois University.
Mendoza of Jacksonville University, M. Coffey of the University of Colorado and IT. Pearn of California State University for their contributions and suggestions.
Peverley of The George Washington University kindly donated several very nice problems on Jones matrices and I thank him for helping to freshen up this edition.
Anyone else wishing to contribute their favorite prohlems, please fell tree to do so. The book was produced by HRS imeractive, wii brilliant job of getting it all together.
Lorraine Burke watched over every aspect of the process with incredible patience and skill; Alan Wiener and Jennifer Burke cheerfully brought their production acumen to bear; Ed Burke designed a beautiful book and struggled mightily to maintain the highest standards; Hilda Kspreo was the tireless compositor; and as ever, Pat Hannagan, with the able assistance of Chris Burke, produced incomparable art.
Rayleigh Scattering 86 4. The Addition of Waves of Different Frequency 7. Polarization uf Poly 8. The subject embraces a vast body of knowledge accumulated over roughly three thousand years of the human scene.
Before embarking on a study of the modern view of things optical, let's briefly trace the road that led us there, if for no other reason than to put it all in perspective 1.
Exodus ca. Specimens have survived from ancient Egypt—a mirror in perfect condition was near the pyramid of Sesostris II ca. Hero of Alexandria attempted to explain both these phenomena by asserting that light traverses the shortest allowed path between wo points, The burning glass a positive lens used to start fires was alluded to by Aristophanes in his comic play The Clouds 5.
The apparent bending of objects pattly immersed in water p. It is clear from the accounts of the historian Pliny a. Several glass and crystal spheres have been found among Roman ruins, and a planar convex lens was recovered in Pompeii. The Roman philoso- phor Seneca 3 n. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire 4.
The dominance of the Greco-Roman-Christian culture in the lands embracing the Mediterranean soon gave way by conquest to tie ruie of Allah. Tie center of schotarship shifted wo the Araiy world, and Optics was studied and extended, especially by Alhazen ca, a. He elaborated on the Law of Reflec- tion, putting the angles of incidence and reflection in the same parabolic mirrors and gave a detailed description of the human eye p- By the latter part of the thirteenth century, Europe was only beginning to rouse from its intellectual stupor.
Bacon also had some understanding of the way in which rays traverse a lens. After his death, Optics again languished. Even so, by the mids, European paintings were depicting, nnouks wearing eyezlasses.
And alchemists had come up with a liquid amalgam of tin and suercury that was rubbed on mirrors. Leonardo da Vinci described the cam- cra obscura p. Galileo Galilei , in Padua, heard about the invent several months had built his own instrument p.
The compound microscope was invented at just about the same time, possibly by the Dutchman Zacharias Janssen In , Kepler published his Dioptrice. He had discovered oral internal reflection p. Robert Hooke , curator of experiments for the Raval Society London, later also observed diffraction ettects. He was the first to study the colored interterence patterns p.
He proposed the idea that light was a rapid vibratory motion of the medium propagating ala very great speed. Thus he remained ambivalent for a long while about the actual nature light. Even 1. After some all-too-limited experiments, Newton gave up Lying to remove chromatic aberration from refracting tele- scope lenses.
Erroncously concluding that it could not be done, he turned to the design of reflectors. Linlike Descartes, concluded that light etfectively slowed down on entering more dense media. He was able to derive the aws ot Retlection and Refraction and even explained the double refraction of calcite p. And it was while working with calcite that he discovered the phenomenon of polarization p. Honke, and Newton, Huygens correctly 7 two different emanations of the waves of light.
In any case, it was generally agreed that its speed was exceedingly large. In he predict- fd that on Navemher 9th Lo wand emerge trom the dark same 10 minutes later than would have heen expected on the hasis of its yearly averaged motion.
Precisely on schedule, 10 per- formed as predicted, a phenomenon Romer correctly ex- plained as arising from the finite speed of light. He was able to determine that light took about 22 minutes to traverse the diameter of the Earth's orbit around the Sun—a distance of about million miles.
Despite this, the prominent mathematician Leonhard Buler was a devotee of the wave theo- ry, even if an unheeded one, Euler proposed that the undesir able color effects seen in a lens were absent in the eye which is an erroneous assumption because the different media pre- sent negated dispersion, He suggested that achromatic lenses p.
Optics by Hecht Zajac
Hecht studied at New York University B. During his graduate study he worked at Radio Corporation of America. Adelphi University hired Hecht to teach and he became professor in Hecht challenged the notion of potential energy in Eugene Hecht is also widely published authority on George E.
Accurate, comprehensive and precise, this revision provides students with the most up-to-date coverage of optics. Responsive to students' needs, the focus of the revision was to fine tune the pedagogy, modernize the discourse, and update the content. The third edition continues the gradually modernizing treatment of the previous edition by imparting an appreciation of the central role of atomic scattering, providing an understanding of the insightful perspective offered by the Fourier Theory, and by, from the outset, explicating the underlying quantum mechanical nature of light. Additionally, the third edition addresses all of today's significant technological advances. As always, Hecht provides a good balance of theory and instrumentation, while also providing readers with classical background. The writing style is lively and colorful, with historical anecdotes and citations, and at the request of previous edition users, Hecht has included about new problems, designed primarily to develop students' analytic skills.
46183245 Hecht E Zajac Optics 4th Ed 2003