Abstract: Among the Persian historiographical works written in the Ottoman Empire, the Hasht bihisht The Eight Paradises is probably the most important and is often considered a milestone in the development of Ottoman historiography. These manu-scripts are Esad Efendi No. Founded by Carl Heinrich Becker in , the Journal Der Islam provides a forum for the study of the history and culture of the Middle East before the age of modernisation in the 19th century, from the Iberian Peninsula to Central Asia. Articles present the latest research in the humanities and social sciences based on literary traditions, and archival, material, and archaeological evidence. Open Access. About Us.
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The eight divisions and frequent octagonal forms of such structures represent the eight levels of paradise for Muslims. The paradigm however was not confined solely to Islamic antecedents. The Chinese magic square was employed for numerous purposes including crop rotation and also finds a Muslim expression in the wafq of their mathematicians. Ninefold schemes find particular resonance in the Indian mandalas, the cosmic maps of Hinduism and Buddhism.
Persia The Hasht-Bihisht plan was used at the Tarabkhana pavilion in Timurid Herat, Afghanistan, a two-storied structure that seems to have adopted the octagonal hasht bihisht form, in nine units the eight surrounding bays and a ninth central bay. No longer extant, this form is repeated at the seventeenth-century Hasht Behesht Pavilion of the Safavid Empire imperial palace at Isfahan. Mughal India The Hasht-Bihisht was the favourite form for both Mughal garden pavilions and mausolea seen as a funerary form of pavilion.
These were square or rectangular planned buildings divided into nine sections such that a central domed chamber is surrounded by eight elements.
Each element of the plan is reflected in the elevations with iwans and the corner rooms expressed through smaller arched niches. Often such structures are topped with chattris, small pillared pavilions at each corner. Hasht-Bihisht in Architecture Architecture. Source From Wikipedia. Tags: Indian architectural styles Iranian architecture Islamic architectural elements Islamic architecture Mughal architecture Safavid architecture.
Toggle nav. It is one of the five poems of Khusrow's Khamsa Quintet. The poem is based on the Haft Paykar by Nizami, written around AD, which in turn takes its outline from the earlier epic Shahnameh written by Firdausi around AD. Most famously, Khusro appears to be the first writer to have added The Three Princes of Serendip as characters and the story of the alleged camel theft and recovery. The eight "paradises" in the poem link closely with the Islamic conception of Heaven with its eight gates and eight spaces, each one decorated with a special precious stone or material.