A sociedade castrexa era matrilineal , pero patriarcal. Son varios centos de labras e esculturas, que se poden clasificar en:. Vivendas de Castromao. Castro de Esposende. Torso fragmentario dunha estatua de guerreiro castrexo.
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A sociedade castrexa era matrilineal , pero patriarcal. Son varios centos de labras e esculturas, que se poden clasificar en:. Vivendas de Castromao. Castro de Esposende. Torso fragmentario dunha estatua de guerreiro castrexo. Museo provincial de Ourense. Na Galipedia, a Wikipedia en galego. Although there is no direct extant record of the language spoken by any of the peoples of ancient Callaecia, some linguistic information can be recovered through the analysis of the names personal names, names of deities, ethnonyms, and place-names that occur in Latin inscriptions and in ancient Greek and Latin sources.
These names prove the presence of speakers of a Celtic language in this area, but there are also names of other origins. Eugenio R.
Cividade de Terroso. A gran historia de Galicia. Cultura Castrexa. Porto: Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto, Control de autoridades : Q GEC : Espazos de nomes Artigo Conversa. Vistas Ler Editar Editar a fonte Ver o historial. Noutros proxectos Wikimedia Commons. O megalitismo. Idade de Bronce. Idade de Ferro. Cultura castrexa. Cultura galaico-romana.
Ditadura franquista. Historia da lingua galega. Reino de Galicia.
Until the s the dominant socio-cultural German School represented the traditional perspective regarding the Hillfort Culture, a perspective that still has some defenders in the scientific community. According to these parameters, the objective of "hillfort archaeology", conceived as a scientific practice and a political tool, is the definition of a cultural group distinct from the rest, conceived as a living organization and defined by a number of "objective" formal characteristics: a scattered environmentally specific territory, the predominance of the circular shape in settlements and structures, the absence of town planning, a specific type of traditional craftsmanship in precious metals and a unique ceramic tradition. According to this organic-historicist approach, the presence of a culture in the northwest that is different from other cultures of the Iberian Peninsula can already be attested in proto-historic periods and represents the origin of Galician ethnicity. According to Galician archaeology, there is total continuity between Iron Age Celtic civilization and the traditional rural world in this region. In the s there was a reaction against these Celtic theories, reflected in the appearance of the more neutral term Cultura Castrexa or Hillfort Culture, and in the acceptance of an endogenous origin of the Galician Iron Age communities through Mediterranean and central European influences. In spite of these changes, however, archaeological research has continued to encourage a typological and formalist approach to the interpretation of hillfort houses.
A Cultura Castrexa
It is the culture associated with the Gallaecians and Astures a Celtic tribal federations. The most notable characteristics of this culture are: its walled oppida and hill forts , known locally as castros , from Latin castrum "castle", and the scarcity of visible burial practices, in spite of the frequent depositions of prestige items and goods, swords and other metallic riches in rocky outcrops, rivers and other aquatic contexts since the Atlantic Bronze Age. The Castro culture emerged during the first two centuries of the first millennium BCE, in the region extending from the Douro river up to the Minho , but soon expanding north along the coast, and east following the river valleys,  reaching the mountain ranges which separate the Atlantic coast of the Iberian peninsula from the central plateau or meseta. It was the result of the autonomous evolution of Atlantic Bronze Age communities, after the local collapse of the long range Atlantic network of interchange of prestige items.