He was highly athletic, excelling in gymnastics and other sports, and developed an interest in cars and motor racing at the age of four. Senna also suffered from poor motor coordination and had trouble climbing stairways by the age of three. An electroencephalogram EEG found that Senna was not suffering from any problems. His parents gave Senna the nickname "Beco".
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PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. Senna began his motorsport career in karting and moved up the ranks to win the British Formula 3 championship in Making his Formula One debut with Toleman in , he moved to Lotus-Renault the following year, and won six Grands Prix over the next three seasons. Between them, Senna and Prost won fifteen out of the sixteen Grands Prix which took place that season, with Senna winning his first World Championship, a title he would go on to win again in and McLaren's performance declined in , as the Williams-Renault combination began to dominate the sport, although Senna won five races to finish as runner-up in He moved to Williams in , but suffered a fatal accident at the third race of the season at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Italy.
Ayrton Senna Senna is regarded as one of the greatest drivers in the history of Formula One. He was especially quick in wet conditions, as shown by his performances in the Monaco Grand Prix, the Portuguese Grand Prix, and the European Grand Prix. He also holds the record for most victories at the prestigious Monaco Grand Prix 6 and is the third most successful driver of all time in terms of race wins.
However, Senna courted controversy throughout his career, particularly during his turbulent rivalry with Alain Prost, which was marked by two championship-deciding collisions at the and Japanese Grands Prix. He was highly athletic, excelling in gymnastics and other sports, and developed an interest in cars and motor racing at an early age. Senna was a practicing Catholic. A very religious man, he openly conflated his beliefs with his racing, something for which he was criticized as dangerous by Alain Prost, among others.
He often read the Bible on long flights from So Paulo to Europe. I am always looking for the next step, a different world to go into, areas where I have not been before. Its lonely driving a Grand Prix car, but very absorbing. I have experienced new sensations and I want more. That is my excitement, my motivation.
On the morning of his death he initiated the re-formation of the GPDA safety organisation, with which he had intended to work to improve the safety of his sport. He was renowned for his close relationship with Gerhard Berger, and the two were always playing practical jokes on each other.
In the documentary film The Right to Win made in as a tribute to Senna, Frank Williams notably recalls that as good a driver as Senna was, ultimately "he was an even greater man outside of the car than he was in it. She was 15 years old when they began the relationship in and was commonly chaperoned by her mother during meetings with Senna.
They were briefly engaged, but the relationship was broken off in late That was shown in Senna's funeral, where Galisteu was openly cast aside. The "widow" status was given by the family and media to Brazilian icon Xuxa, who arrived at the funeral holding hands with Senna's sister, Viviane. After his death Galisteu wrote a book about her and Senna's relationship. Adriane became a celebrity upon Senna's death, many saying because of it, and has kept that status ever since, working as a TV show host.
He was the uncle of Formula One driver Bruno Senna, of whom he famously said in "If you think I'm fast, just wait until you see my nephew Bruno". Death At the third race of the season, the San Marino Grand Prix at Imola, Senna, having not finished the two opening races of the season, declared that this was where his season would start, with fourteen races, as opposed to sixteen, in which to win the title.
On Friday, during the afternoon qualifying session, Senna's protg Rubens Barrichello was involved in a serious accident when he slammed violently into the tyres at the Variante Bassa chicane, swallowing his tongue and suffering a broken Senna's fatal accident at the moment of impact. The next day Austrian driver Roland Ratzenberger was killed in qualifying in a devastating accident when the front wing broke on his Simtek-Ford while going flat out at the fast Villeneuve right-hander bend and into the concrete wall.
Senna spent his final morning meeting fellow drivers, determined after Ratzenberger's accident to take on a new responsibility to re-create a Drivers' Safety group i. As the most senior driver, he offered to take the role of leader in this effort. Senna and the other drivers all opted to start the Grand Prix, but the race was interrupted by a huge accident at the start line when JJ Lehto's Benetton-Ford stalled, and an unsighted Pedro Lamy rammed him in his Lotus-Mugen Honda at nearly full speed.
A wheel was torn off the car and landed in the main grandstand, injuring eight fans and a police officer. The safety car, which was an Opel Vectra for that year, was deployed and the drivers followed it for several laps. The Vectra's slow pace was later questioned due to the subsequent drop in tyre pressures on the Formula One cars; Senna had pulled alongside the safety car, gesticulating to its driver, Max Angelelli, to increase his speed.
Senna was removed from the car by Sid Watkins and his medical team and treated by the side of the car before being airlifted to Bologna hospital where he was later declared dead.
What was likely to have happened was that the right front wheel had shot up after impact like a catapult and violated the cockpit area where Senna was sitting. It struck the right frontal area of his helmet, and the violence of the wheels impact pushed his head back against the headrest, causing fatal skull fractures.
A piece of upright attached to the wheel had partially penetrated his helmet and made a big indent in his forehead. In addition, it appeared that a jagged piece of the upright assembly had penetrated the helmet visor just above his right eye.
As track officials examined the wreckage of his racing car they found a furled Austrian flaga victory flag that he was going to raise in honour of Ratzenberger. Many court cases followed immediately afterwards and the judgment went on for years, with Williams being investigated for manslaughter. The last word from the Italian Court of Appeal was on April 13, In the verdict numbered the Court stated the following: "It has been determined that the accident was caused by a steering column failure.
This failure was caused by badly designed and badly executed modifications. The responsibility of this falls on Patrick Head, culpable of omitted control". Even being found responsible for Senna's accident, Patrick Head wasn't arrested: in Italy the statute of limitation for manslaughter is 7 years and 6 months, and the final verdict was pronounced 13 years after the accident. Funeral Senna's death was considered by many of his Brazilian fans to be a national tragedy, and the Brazilian government declared three days of national mourning.
An estimated three million people lined the streets of his hometown of So Paulo to offer him their salute. Many prominent motor racing figures attended Senna's state funeral, notably Alain Prost, Damon Hill and Emerson Fittipaldi who were among the pallbearers. I thought it was important that somebody went to his. His grave bears the epitaph "Nada pode me separar do amor de Deus" which means "Nothing can separate me from the love of God". A testament to the adulation he inspired among fans worldwide was the scene at the Tokyo headquarters of Honda where the McLaren cars were typically displayed after each race.
Upon his death, so many floral tributes were received that it overwhelmed the large exhibit lobby. Senna had a special relationship with company founder Soichiro Honda and was beloved in Japan where he achieved a near mythic status. For the next race at Monaco, the FIA decided to leave the first two grid positions empty and painted them with the colours of the Brazilian and the Austrian flags, to honour Senna and Ratzenberger.
Legacy Many safety improvements were made in the sport following Senna and Ratzenberger's deaths. These include improved crash barriers, redesigned tracks and tyre barriers, higher crash safety standards, and higher sills on the driver cockpit.
Soon after his death in , the Brazilian football World Cup winning team dedicated their win to the great racer in order to recognise his contributions to Formula 1. In when, ten years after his death, the Brazilian media revisited the life of Senna , a book called "Ayrton: The Hero Revealed" original title: "Ayrton: O Heri Revelado" was published in Brazil.
Senna remains a national hero in Brazil and his grave attracts more visitors than the graves of John F Kennedy, Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley combined. Ayrton Senna In addition, to mark the 10th anniversary of Senna's death, on April 21, , over 10, people attended a charity match in a football stadium near Imola. Senna had been a part of the latter in The match finished and the money was donated to Instituto Ayrton Senna. Viviane Senna, Senna's sister, president of the institute and mother of future F1 driver Bruno Senna , gave the initial kick.
That same weekend, Bernie Ecclestone revealed that he still believed Senna was and remained the best F1 driver he had ever seen. To take advantage of the close relationship Honda had with Senna, the Japanese company asked him to help fine-tune the Honda NSX's suspension setting during its final development stages. Senna found the prototype NSX initially lacked chassis stiffness to the level he was accustomed to, so the final production version was further reinforced to his satisfaction.
Senna also led Audi to Brazil, in agreement settled in His personal car in was an Audi S4. Ducati was at the time owned by Claudio Castiglioni, a personal friend of Senna.
The production was limited to bikes, and all profits from sales went to the Ayrton Senna Foundation. In , it was announced that Senna's nephew Bruno would be making his Formula One debut in This track is still used for local V8 Supercars racing after the move of the F1 grand prix to Melbourne. There is also a street named after him in the Adelaide suburb of Wingfield.
The Adelaide street circuit was said to be a favourite of Senna's, and he was reportedly unhappy about upcoming shift of venue from Adelaide to Melbourne. He was voted the best driver of all time in a poll of current drivers published by the German newspaper Bild am Sonntag in July At the end of this segment of the show it was mentioned that a documentary film is to be released in Autumn Career The beginning Senna's first kart was a small 1HP go-kart, a gift rejected by his older sister Viviane.
Senna entered karting competition at the age of He contested the Karting World Championship each year from to , finishing runner-up in and Despite this, Senna initially did not believe he would continue in motorsport, and at the end of the season, under pressure from his parents to take up a role in the family business, he returned to Brazil. He decided to take up this offer, and returned to live in England. As Silva is a very common. Ayrton Senna Brazilian name, he adopted his mother's maiden name, Senna.
Senna dominated the first half of the season but Martin Brundle, who drove a similar car for Eddie Jordan Racing, closed the gap in the second part of the championship. Senna won the title at the final round at Thruxton after a closely fought and, at times, acrimonious battle. Neither Williams nor McLaren had a vacancy for the season. His name was linked to Brabham's second seat, but Brabham's lead driver, double world champion Nelson Piquet, preferred his friend Roberto Moreno, while title sponsor Parmalat wanted an Italian driver.
His only option was to join Toleman, a relatively new team, replacing Derek Warwick. A combination of tyre issues and a fuel pressure problem resulted in his failure to qualify for the San Marino Grand Prix, the only time this happened during his career.
Qualifying 13th on the grid, he made steady progress in climbing through the field, passing Niki Lauda for second on lap He quickly began to cut the gap to race leader Alain Prost, but before he could attack Prost the race was stopped on lap 31 for safety reasons, as the rain had grown even heavier. At the time the race was stopped Senna was catching Prost at 4 seconds per lap. However according to the rules, the positions counted were those from the last lap completed by every driver, lap 31, at which point Prost was still leading.
He took two more podium finishes that year - third at the British and Portuguese Grands Prix - and placed 9th in the Drivers Championship with 13 points overall. He did not take part in the Italian Grand Prix after he was suspended by Toleman for being in breach of his contract by signing for Lotus for without informing the Toleman team first.
Wikipedia Book PDF Ayrton Senna 20110129
PDF generated using the open source mwlib toolkit. Senna began his motorsport career in karting and moved up the ranks to win the British Formula 3 championship in Making his Formula One debut with Toleman in , he moved to Lotus-Renault the following year, and won six Grands Prix over the next three seasons. Between them, Senna and Prost won fifteen out of the sixteen Grands Prix which took place that season, with Senna winning his first World Championship, a title he would go on to win again in and McLaren's performance declined in , as the Williams-Renault combination began to dominate the sport, although Senna won five races to finish as runner-up in