Page by Anneke Bart. Akhenaten Queen Nefertiti inscriptions Queen Nefertiti. Amenhotep son of Hapu. Amenhotep was the son of Hapu Hapi and the Lady Itu. Several inscriptions outline his career and show how he rose through the ranks.
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Amenhotep, son of Hapu , high official of the reign of Amenhotep III of ancient Egypt reigned —53 bce , who was greatly honoured by the king within his lifetime and was deified more than 1, years later during the Ptolemaic era.
Amenhotep rose through the ranks of government service, becoming scribe of the recruits, a military office, under Amenhotep III. While in the Nile River delta, Amenhotep was charged with positioning troops at checkpoints on the branches of the Nile to regulate entry into Egypt by sea; he also checked on the infiltration of Bedouin tribesmen by land.
On one of his statues, he is called a general of the army. The king honoured him by embellishing Athribis, his native city. Amenhotep III even ordered the building of a small funerary temple for him next to his own temple, a unique honour for a nonroyal person in Egypt. Amenhotep was greatly revered by posterity , as indicated by the reinscription of the donation decree for his mortuary establishment in the 21st dynasty — c.
Amenhotep, son of Hapu. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home World History Military Leaders. See Article History. Britannica Quiz. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Egyptian art and architecture: Innovation, decline, and revival from the New Kingdom to the Late period. Most unusually, this distinguished commoner was allowed a funerary temple for himself and larger-than-life votive sculptures that show him in contrasting attitudes, as stern-faced authoritarian and as submissive scribe. Amenhotep III , king of ancient Egypt reigned —53 bce in a period of peaceful prosperity, who devoted himself to expanding diplomatic contacts and to extensive building in Egypt and Nubia.
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Amenhotep, Son of Hapu
His father was Hapu, and his mother Itu. He was a priest and a Scribe of Recruits organizing the labour and supplying the manpower for the Pharaoh's projects, both civilian and military. He was also an architect and supervised several building projects, among them Amenhotep III 's mortuary temple at western Thebes , of which only two statues remain nowadays, known as the Colossi of Memnon , and the creation of the quarry of El-Gabal el-Ahmar , nearby Heliopolis , from which the blocks used to create the Colossi were probably taken. Other plans, such as the portico of the Temple of Karnak , completed under Ramesses II , and those for the Luxor Temple are also attributed to Amenhotep. He may also have been the architect of the Temple of Soleb in Nubia. After this, he is believed to have retired from civil service and become the steward of Princess Sitamun 's properties similar to an asset manager today , and received honours such as the designation of Fan-bearer on the Right Side of the King , among other things. According to some reliefs in the tomb of Ramose , he may have died in the 31st year of Amenhotep III, which would correspond to either BC or BC, depending on the chronology used.
He began as a scribe of military recruits and quickly worked his way up through the ranks, gaining a highly respected and influential status. He went on to hold several important positions, including as a well-known architect for the pharaoh, as the steward of the pharaoh's daughter, and as a military officer of high rank. He believed that over his lifetime he gained wisdom and learned magic from the deities. The grandest of all mortuary complexes built in Egypt, it originally included three massive mud-brick pylons gates aligned on a single axis, and a long connecting corridor leading to an immense, open solar courtyard, a roofed hall, a sanctuary, and sacred altars. When Amenhotep, Son of Hapu died, Pharaoh Amenhotep III ordered a small funerary temple built right next to his own funerary complex, an honor which had never been bestowed in such a way before. He was also revered as a healer and eventually worshipped as a god of healing, like his predecessor Imhotep.
Amenhotep, son of Hapu
Special Status. Like Imhotep, the vizier of the Dynasty 3 circa b. His father was Hapu, and his mother was Itu. He was first appointed as a royal scribe and priest in the temple of Horus-Khentikheti. As a reward for his services, Amenhotep was allowed to erect statues of himself throughout the processional way in the temple of Karnak.